Our body comprises multiple joints; one of them is Sacroiliac (SI) joint. These joints connect the lower spine and pelvis. Our lower back has two sacroiliac joints present on both sides of the spine. When you walk or stand, these joints lift the weight of your upper body and shift the weight to your legs.
Does your job keep you on the move? Or if it requires you to stand for the whole day, you may have experienced pain in your lower back. Your butts may also hurt; this possibly happens because of sacroiliitis.
Where does it hurt?
You start feeling pain when inflammation of the SI joints takes place. Initially, you may only feel pain the lower back or buttock region, but it may go down further. Sacroiliitis may cause your thighs, groin, hip, abdomen, or upper back to hurt.
What Causes SI Joint Pain?
You may feel a dull pain in the SI joints. However, the pain sharpens due to certain reasons. Let’s have a look at some of the causes of sacroiliitis.
- If you are a fitness freak or a sports person, you are likely to begin your day with running or jogging. When the SI joints get regular pounding, you may experience pain.
- Bumping into a motor vehicle, or falling may also damage the joints.
- Taking long uneven strides may be troublesome.
- When the ligaments holding the SI joints get damaged, you may experience pain with abnormal joint movement.
- Inflammatory arthritis affecting the spine, called ankylosing spondylitis, may also damage the SI joint.
- During pregnancy, a woman’s body releases hormones causing the joints to loosen up and stretch. The additional weight affects the SI joints and may lead to abnormal wear.
How to Relieve the Pain?
You may choose one of these ways to relieve sacroiliitis pain.
- Physical therapy like massage, heat and cold treatments, or stretching
- A chiropractor may adjust the joint movement
- Damaging the nerve sending a pain signal to the SI joint
- Sacroiliac Joint Injections
Sacroiliac Joint Injections
Studies have suggested that 10% to 27% chronic low back pain cases are a result of SI joint pain. Sacroiliac joint injections are more effective in reducing SI joint inflammation than other medications. The injection ensures months of comfort.
Pain management doctors use SI joint injection for both diagnosis and treatment of the pain. The doctor thoroughly examines the patient performing provocative tests. Three or more positive results of SI joint provocative tests confirm the joint to be the pain source. The doctor will numb the joint using anesthesia. If the pain instantly goes away, it confirms that the joint is the culprit.
To reduce the inflammation, the doctor then injects a shot of cortisone in the joint. The injection provides relief to the joint for a longer time. Sometimes the doctors also inject natural ingredients, like saline, in the joint to provide relief.
Sacroiliac Joint Injections are effective, but they can weaken joint bones. If you have sacroiliitis, only go for a few joint injections a year.
If you want to live a pain-free healthy life, all your joints should work properly. If you are experiencing any spinal or musculoskeletal pain, don’t neglect it.