Chronic Knee Pain: Causes and Treatment Options

In the US, chronic knee pain is a common condition, with people suffering from it due to numerous causes and reasons. Severe pain and inflammation during this condition make it difficult for patients to function and walk normally. People also find difficulty in performing everyday tasks. Because the knee joint has a complex structure, many factors implicate chronic knee pain. Usually, people experience knee pain and inflammation because their knee stops functioning properly. The problems arise due to medical conditions and trauma. This article includes some common causes and treatment plans for knee pain. Read this article and seek knee pain relief.

Chronic Knee Pain
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Causes of Knee Pain

Temporary knee pain and chronic knee pain are two different conditions with different causes. People develop temporary knee pain due to accidents or injury. Once you recover from the injury, temporary knee pain will go away. But, chronic knee pain requires proper treatment, which will depend on the cause. Therefore, it is essential to learn about the cause of the pain. A pain management doctor diagnoses the affected knee and identifies the actual cause of the pain. Here are some causes of chronic knee pain:

  • Bursitis is inflammation of the knee due to overly used muscles. You may also develop this condition after an injury.
  • Tendinitis affects the front part of your knee. The pain grows worse when you climb up the stairs or walk up an inclined plane.
  • Osteoarthritis is a condition that occurs due to deterioration and degeneration of the joints, which causes inflammation.
  • You develop gout arthritis because of uric acid buildup.
  • Knee cap dislocation is another common cause of chronic knee pain.
  • Chondromalacia patella indicates that you have damaged cartilage under the kneecap.
  • Baker’s cyst also causes severe pain. This is a condition in which synovial fluid builds up behind the knee.
  • Meniscus tear is a rupture in knee cartilage.

Here are some factors that may increase the severity of pain:

  • Sprains and strains
  • Infection
  • Overuse
  • Bad posture
  • Improper muscle stretching
  • Injury affecting knee structure.

Treatment for Knee Pain

As we discussed above, you may develop chronic knee pain due to numerous reasons. Treating the cause of the pain eventually reduces the chronic pain. Here are a few effective treatment plans for chronic knee pain:

Medications

When you visit a pain management doctor, they will prescribe pain-relieving medications. For instance, if you develop knee pain because of gout or rheumatoid arthritis, complete recovery is possible with prescribed medication.

Therapy

Most doctors recommend physical therapy to strengthen the muscles. When the muscles around the knee are strong, they keep your knee joint stable. Furthermore, a pain management doctor may also suggest strengthening exercises to alleviate the pain. Participating in sports and other activities may also shift pressure away from your knee.

Injections

If medication and therapy don’t work, your doctor may inject medication directly into the knee joint. Here are some examples of substances that a pain management doctor may inject:

  1. Corticosteroids

Corticosteroid injections reduce the symptoms of arthritis flare-ups. These injections are meant to offer instant relief from pain.

  1. Hyaluronic Acid

Hydraulic acid works as a lubricant and eases pain, and improves mobility. Hyaluronic acid is a thick fluid and lubricates joints. Sometimes, a single dose is enough to provide relief, but it’s common for patients to require more doses. Consequently, the treatment process can last up to six months.

  1. Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP)

PRP includes various factors or components that promote healing and reduce inflammation. According to various studies, PRP is helpful for osteoarthritis patients.

Chronic Knee Pain Doctor New York
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Surgery

When it comes to surgery, you shouldn’t make an uninformed decision. Consult with a professional pain management doctor such as Dr. Matthew Grimm in New York City. He can help you choose the best treatment methods with a high success rate. Here are a few surgical reconstruction procedures to reduce chronic knee pain:

  1. Arthroscopic Surgery

In this surgical method, doctors use a fiber-optic camera to evaluate the internal condition of the damaged joint. The doctor makes few incisions around the knee to insert the tool. Arthroscopy removes loose bodies from the joint. Furthermore, it helps with ligament reconstruction and damaged cartilage.

  1. Partial Knee Replacement Surgery

As the name suggests, partial knee replacement surgery involves removing the damaged part of the knee. After removing the portion of your knee, the surgeon will place insert a plastic or metal part to improve mobility.

  1. Total Knee Replacement

In this process, the doctor removes damaged cartilage and bone from your kneecap, shinbone, and thighbone and places an artificial joint instead. The material of artificial joints may vary from polymers, high-grade plastics to metal alloys.

Chronic Knee Pain: Conclusion

Do you want to consult professional pain management in NYC for the best treatment? If so, contact Dr. Matthew Grimm and make an appointment. Upon your visit, Dr. Grimm will diagnose your knee to identify the actual cause of chronic knee pain. Then, he will recommend a suitable treatment plan depending on your condition.

To consult with one of NYC’s best pain management experts, give us a call at 646-862-5555.

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